If there is anything requires accuracy more than anything is else is the biological testing specimen. The specimen should be properly collected, labeled, processed and stored during and after the testing.
Microbiological tests are slightly different from any other lab test. The outcome of the tests is entirely as a result of the state of the sample. Mismanagement of the specimen affects the patient substantially as well as the hospital and the effectiveness of the laboratory. The outcome of the test determines how long the patient will remain in hospital, the effectiveness of the hospital and the cost involved. The results are very much affected if the specimen is not collected in the right way. That will mean a repeat of the exercise, and that is both costly and time wasting.
What must be done to avoid errors is first to sign documents showing the right training before the compilation of the specimen. The specimen is then handed over to the lab with a form with all the details. That is a way of reducing the risks involved as well as making sure the results interpreted in the right way. In order to eliminate the errors, certain details must be included in each specimen like the place, the date and the time of the specimen collection, reason, type of the specimen and the name of the person and when the patient was born.
Hands should be washed at the time the specimen is taken, even after, You should make sure you are putting the specimen in sterilized containers. No specimen should be left to spill, and therefore all specimen containing vessels should be closed with a lid. After collection the specimen is supposed to be stored in a transparent container. The microbiological tests are necessary before administering antibiotics or antiseptics.
Knowledge of how best the specimen is supposed to be handled is very important. There should be some technical policy governing the operation of the labs. The lab shape;d follow the procedure manual to the details. Specimens are supposed to be taken before any antibiotics are administered to the patients. All the specimen is supposed to be well guarded so that they are not interfered with to give reliable results. The specimen is supposed to be taken to the lab as soon as it is taken if any results are to be relied upon. You should avoid taking the specimen in a place where there is noise. If the patient is to be assisted, the results from the lab should be as accurate as possible. Since any wrong move will affect the patient, anyone involved in the specimen should exercise caution to the fullest.